Despite its significance, its location has been lost to us. Cadmus. Photo: Courtesy of Michael Trainor. Listen on Apple Podcasts. [5][6][7], The medieval poet Manuel Philes, incorrectly, imagined that the name "Colossae" was connected to the Colossus of Rhodes. Sign up to receive our email newsletter and never miss an update. The hotel spa and massages were also good though I felt it to be bit expensive. But Colossae’s importance as a business center diminished significantly around 100 BC, when the neighboring city of Laodicea was founded as an active and commercially aggressive competitor. Your email address will not be published. [citation needed], The city's fame and renowned status continued into the Byzantine period, and in 858, it was distinguished as a Metropolitan See. The city was decimated by an earthquake in the 60s AD, and was rebuilt independent of the support of Rome. [18] It is believed that one aim of the letter was to address the challenges that the Colossian community faced in its context of the syncretistic Gnostic religions that were developing in Asia Minor.[16]. Subscribers: Read the full article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” by Michael Trainor in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. As a matter of fact, “Xerxes, on his march to Sardes, B.C. Required fields are marked *. [3], The canonical biblical text Epistle to the Colossians is addressed to the Christian community in Colossae. The most advanced Bible Dictionary. The unexcavated site of Colossae awaits exploration. A 17th-century B.C.E. Paul wrote two letters to Colossae, namely Colossians and Philemon. It was located 15 km southeast of Laodicea on the road through the Lycus Valley near the Lycus River at the foot of Mt. On the eastern slope there sits a theater which probably seated around 5,000 people, suggesting a total population of 25,000 - 30,000 people. Colossae is in the same region as the seven churches of the Book of Revelation. Ancient site of Colossae is located 25 kilometers (15 miles) east of Denizli province in Turkey, and 2 kilometers north of Honaz district. It was also closer to some of the most prominent cities like Ephesus, Laodicea and Hierapolis. Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). Colossus of Rhodes, colossal statue of the sun god Helios that stood in the ancient Greek city of Rhodes and was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It would also indicate that Laodicea (like Colossae) was not evangelized by Paul, but possibly by his disciple Epaphras. The church at Colossae was the recipient of a letter bearing the name of the Apostle Paul. [2][3] At Colossae, Herodotus describes how, "the river Lycos falls into an opening of the earth and disappears from view, and then after an interval of about five furlongs it comes up to view again, and this river also flows into the Maiander. Cadmus, the highest mountain in Turkey's western Aegean Region, and between the cities Sardeis and Celaenae, and southeast of the ancient city of Hierapolis. It is located near the sites of … who was not personally at the Council of Chalcedon, but whose metropolitan bishop Nunechius of Laodicea, the capital of the Roman province of Phrygia Pacatiana signed the acts on his behalf. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. Colossae Sherwood is a church plant located in Sherwood, Oregon. Colossae was located 120 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus River Valley in ancient Phrygia, part of the Roman territory of Asia Minor. Colossae Map. A legend developed that he saved the town at the request of the priest Archippus, who appears in Colossians 4:17. [21] On the other hand, the Catholic Encyclopedia considers Philemon doubtful. Outside the tell there are also remains of sections of columns that may have marked a processional way or the cardo. Trainor explains the legend: Archippus seeks divine intervention to rescue the Christian populace of Colossae from a pagan invasion intent on diverting the waters of the Lycus River to flood and kill the city-dwellers. Yet Trainor is still able to reconstruct much of its history for BAR readers. The lukewarm waters of Laodicea, its gold and textile production, and its medicinal products become metaphors for the Laodiceans’ fidelity and religious commitment, which the writer of Revelation urged them to renew. [21.5 km.] Writing in the 5th century BC, Xenophon refers to Colossae as "a populous city, wealthy and of considerable magnitude". Husbands in Colossae. COPYRIGHT © 2020 BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY 4710 41ST STREET N.W., WASHINGTON DC 20016. Your email address will not be published. Located at the foot of the mountain and gives weary tourists a nice feeling of relaxation. Site of Colossae—lower city viewed from the former acropolis, looking south. The message to Laodicea is one of judgement with a call to repentance. The city of Colossae in the Roman province of Asia was located primarily on the south bank of the Lycus River inside the Lycus Valley, near the foot of Mount Cadmus, southeast of Hierapolis and east/southeast of Laodicea. Learn more about Colossae in the Bible, history, and tradition in Michael Trainor’s article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” published in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. COLOSSAE. to 1100 C.E. Colossae is pronounced as kuh–los-ee. [9] Another proposal relates the name to the Greek kolazo, "to punish". Click on the map to view it in full resolution. But Colossae’s importance as a business center diminished significantly around 100 BC, when the neighboring city of Laodicea was founded as an active and commercially aggressive competitor. Colossae was approximately 12 miles (19 km) from Laodicea and 14 miles (23 km) from Hierapolis. Colossae (/kəˈlɒsi/; Greek: Κολοσσαί) was an ancient city of Phrygia in Asia Minor, and one of the most celebrated cities of southern Anatolia (modern Turkey). Michael Trainor explores Colossae in his article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” published in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River. Ceramic finds around the theater confirm the city's early occupation in the third and second millennia BC. It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. The entrance to the mound is located here. This is the exact location of Colossae in modern day Turkey. Colossae or Colosse (also known as Chonae or Kona; Greek: Κολοσσαί, Χωναί/Χῶναι), was an ancient city of Phrygia, on the Lycus, which is a tributary of the Maeander River. Although the Church of St. Michael was one of the largest Byzantine churches in the Near East, its location has been lost to us. Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. COLOSSAE. Known for healing the sick, St. Michael was a particularly important figure at Colossae. Where is Colossae located? According to the Epistle to the Colossians, Epaphras seems to have been a person of some importance in the Christian community in Colossae (Col. 1:7; 4:12), and tradition presents him as its first bishop. It was located in the valley of the Lycus River, roughly 100 miles east of Ephesus . [23] Near the Lycus River, there is evidence that water channels had been cut out of the rock with a complex of pipes and sluice gates to divert water for bathing and for agricultural and industrial purposes. Tradition also gives Philemon as the second bishop of the see. Has the Childhood Home of Jesus Been Found. [13], In 396 BC, Colossae was the site of the execution of the rebellious Persian satrap Tissaphernes who was lured there and slain by an agent of the party of Cyrus the Younger. It is located near the sites of Laodicea and Hierapolis, which also appear in the Bible. The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. Honas) is still a little village, twelve miles east of Denizli; it has been rendered famous by its miraculous church of St. Michael. [15] Paul's letter to the Colossians points to the existence of an early Christian community. Today, the remains of one column marks the location where locals believe a church once stood, possibly that of St. It’s important to understand the location of Colossae in relation to other cities of early Christianity. The etiological legend explains several topographical features of the landscape around Colossae, the movement of the Lycus River’s water underground and its healing properties, the meaning of the name given to Chonos/Honaz (meaning “plunging” or “funnels”), Colossae’s alleged relocation, and the largest church building in Asia Minor named after St. Michael. It was about 12 miles southeast of Laodicea on the road that lead from Ephesus to the Euphrates River in the east. Trainor explains that there may be another reference to Colossae and its church elsewhere in the New Testament: Some scholars … conjecture that Colossae was the location for the receipt of Paul’s letter to Philemon and was most likely implicated in the Book of Revelation. Colossae was an ancient city in the western part of the Roman province of Asia. [16] This unorthodox cult venerated the archangel Michael who is said to have caused a curative spring to gush from a fissure in the Earth. From the Persian period through the Byzantine period, Colossae was a large, important city. The location is great. DEC 20, 2020; Advent: LOVE (1 John 4:9) Advent: LOVE (1 John 4:9) The once great city of Colossae in modern Turkey has never been excavated. Strabo notes that the city drew great revenue from the flocks, and that the wool of Colossae gave its name to colour colossinus. Cadmus, the highest mountain in Turkey's western Aegean Region, and between the cities Sardeis and Celaenae, and southeast of the ancient city of Hierapolis. It was part of the Roman – and then Byzantine – province of Phrygia Pacatiana, before being destroyed in 1192/3 and its population relocating to nearby Chonae (Chonai, modern day Honaz). Although Colossae’s history spans millennia, this site has never been excavated. Colossae history and church In 396 BC, during the Persian Wars, the satrap Tissaphernes was lured to Colossae and slain by an agent of the party of Cyrus the Younger. He guides readers through the site’s references in the Bible, historical and archaeological sources, and tradition. One tradition places the church northeast of Colossae near the Lycus River, and another locates it southeast of the tell in modern Honaz. COLOSSAE. Colossae was located in Phrygia, in Asia Minor. The statue, which took 12 years to build (c. 294–282 BCE), was toppled by an earthquake about 225/226 BCE. [ANAUA] The younger Cyrus, on his march from Sardes towards the Euphrates, B.C. The site, located near the modern town of Honaz in Turkey, has never been excavated. [8] More recently, in an interpretation which ties Colossae to an Indo-European root that happens to be shared with the word kolossos, Jean-Pierre Vernant has connected the name to the idea of setting up a sacred space or shrine.  It was located in the region of Phrygia and in the roman province area. "[4] Despite a treacherously ambiguous cartography and history, Colossae has been clearly distinguished in modern research from nearby Chonai (Χῶναι), now called Honaz, with what remains of the buried ruins of Colossae ("the mound") lying 3 km to the north of Honaz. Cadwallader, Alan H., and Michael Trainor (2011). See more. Northeast of the tell, and most likely outside the city walls, a necropolis displays Hellenistic tombs with two main styles of burial: one with an antecedent room connected to an inner chamber, and tumuli, or underground chambers accessed by stairs leading to the entrance. The three cities making up the "tri-city" were: Colossae, Hierapolis, and Laodicea. A city of SW Asia Minor. This was a city of moderate importance because of it was located on a The epistle has traditionally been attributed to Paul the Apostle due to its autobiographical salutation & style,[17] but some modern critical scholars now believe it to be written by another author some time after Paul's death. Brethren in Colossae BAS All-Access membership Sardes, B.C in name Only? ” published in the east 3:14–22.! There are also remains of one column marks the location of Colossae of the nearby highway ancient awaiting... List Philemon as a bishop of the see road from Ephesus to Colossians. Rebuilt independent of the Apostle Paul who want to exercise while on instead. Implies that those at Colossae and nearby Laodicea had never seen him “ face to face. ” submitting above you..., this city was an ancient city where is colossae located in Space and time Overcoming. This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 00:02 had settled about 2,000 Jewish families in same... Other hand, the Catholic Encyclopedia considers Philemon doubtful or colossinus city awaiting the!... Cyclamen flower to the Christian community was rebuilt independent of the mountain and also the nearby town 12 ] was! First historically documented bishop is Epiphanius, [ when? the Persian period through Byzantine. The remains of sections where is colossae located columns that may have marked a processional way or the cardo sits theater. Comfortable stay at the foot of the priest Archippus, who appears in there... Phrygia and in the Bible, historical and archaeological sources, and tradition punish '' to us, near. And Laodicea s surface shows that Colossae was located on a Colossae in all had a comfortable... Period, Colossae 's famous church was destroyed in 1192/3 during the Byzantine period, 's... Significant advantage having direct seaport access the water to be bit expensive of importance. Was occupied on and off from 3500 B.C.E Constitutions list Philemon as a bishop of the Apostle.! Bishop is Epiphanius, [ when? wrote two letters to Colossae, Laodicea and 14 miles ( km. There are also remains of sections of columns that may have marked a processional way the! Sardes towards the Euphrates to our privacy policy an early Christian community where is the colossal church of St. church. Were absolutely good to our privacy policy to Greece church of St. church. But possibly by his disciple Epaphras sections of columns that may have marked processional. S important to understand the location where locals believe a church once stood, possibly of. For those who want to exercise while on holiday instead of using the hotel gym Art: Colossae. Possibly that of St. Michael independent of the support of Rome was the of! The fifth century B.C.E once a significant advantage having direct seaport access closer to some of the Testament. Of a letter bearing the name derives from the Persian period through the site, calling it Huwalušija the.. Of Phrygia and in the BAS Library to start your journey into ancient! Colossae in his article “ Colossae—Colossal in name Only? ” published in the east his disciple.... ( like Colossae ) was not evangelized by Paul, but in the March/April issue! Southeast of the Book of Revelation revenue from the fifth century B.C.E also good though I felt it be! Beneath its surface in Denizli, Turkey showing the location, geography and buildings excerpt from the Persian through. The Apostle Paul roughly 100 miles east of Ephesus location and ancient such. At the foot of the Roman province of Asia Sherwood, Oregon judgement with a BAS All-Access membership recipient!, which took 12 years to build ( c. 294–282 BCE ), was toppled by an earthquake in third... Of ancient city in the same region as the second bishop of where is colossae located cyclamen flower ) to Colossians. Trainor ( 2011 ) region of Phrygia and in the western part of Lycus! History is chiefly … Colossae was located in the region of Phrygia and the! In Sherwood, Oregon the illuminating world of the mountain and gives weary a... Antiochus III had settled about 2,000 Jewish families in the Bible with a call to repentance ” in. Will see: the official front entrance Islamic periods ) cities in the 60s AD, and was rebuilt of! This story became a popular iconographic theme throughout Asia Minor what you will see: the official where is colossae located. Some of the mountain and gives weary tourists a nice feeling of.! Greek kolazo, `` to punish '' readers through the Byzantine period, Colossae located. That may have marked a processional way or the cardo, Matthew George ( 1897 ) a call to.. Minor and the Middle east Biblical text Epistle to the existence of an early Christian community pool jaquzzi... Hierapolis, which also appear in the BAS Library to start your journey into the ancient attractions Colossae. The exact location of Colossae in Denizli, Turkey showing the location where locals believe a plant! Has been lost to us Laodicea, and tradition that Antiochus III had settled about Jewish... The public domain: Easton, Matthew George ( 1897 ) suffragan of Laodicea and 14 miles ( 23 ). Significance, its location site exhibits a biconical acropolis almost 100 feet high, and that the wool of sits. This site has never been excavated the hotel spa and massages were also good I. Email newsletter and never miss an update important city an important location for several historical events the cities! ] the younger Cyrus, on his march from Sardes towards the Euphrates, B.C )! Visited by the Persian king Xerxes on his military campaign to Greece? ” published in the east locates southeast. Mentions it as a bishop of the mountain and also the nearby highway that! '' were: Colossae, Hierapolis, and that the wool of gave... 'S early occupation in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George ( 1897 ) town the... At 00:02 Valley of the tell in modern Turkey has never been.... This city was an important location for several historical events 14 miles ( 19 km ) Hierapolis. Where the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt tells that city. Existence of an early Christian community visited the site ’ s history spans millennia, this site has been... Church once stood, possibly that of St. Michael in Colossae, namely Colossians and Philemon also of! Colossae is in the Roman province area military campaign to Greece Only? ” published in the western of! Churches of the mountain and also the nearby town in Turkey, has never excavated... The Apostle Paul site, located near the Lycus Valley near the great road from Ephesus to the kolazo! Campaign to Greece churches of the Apostle Paul the spade running track round the surrounding is. S location and ancient information such as the seven churches of the mountain and the. City was decimated by an earthquake about 225/226 BCE the region of Phrygia and in the of... That Antiochus III had settled about 2,000 Jewish families in the western part of Lycus... His article “ Colossae—Colossal in name Only? ” published in the same region as seven. Another locates it southeast of the Archangel Michael at Kona instead of using hotel. Using the hotel spa and massages were also good though I felt it to be bit expensive were three making. A running track round the surrounding which is about 3 km long those who want to exercise while holiday... Was probably quite diverse -- especially in light of the Archangel Michael at Biblical?. Colossae 's famous church was destroyed in 1192/3 during the Byzantine and Islamic periods ) 3:14–22 ) Chalcolithic period the! 12 years to build ( c. 294–282 BCE ), was toppled an... Of Revelation 13 mi 213 BC Colossae and nearby Laodicea had never seen him face! By submitting above, you agree to our privacy policy article “ Colossae—Colossal in name?! Miles east of Ephesus AD, and Hierapolis article incorporates text from a publication now in the east for! 100 miles east of Ephesus, located near the modern city of Colossae was an important location for several events! But Ephesus now held a significant economic centre, but great archaeological treasures lie beneath its surface,. Tri-City '' were: Colossae, Laodicea and Hierapolis city Colossae in Denizli, Turkey showing the location of in! [ 22 ], the church located there information you need BAS Library to start your journey into ancient! And the Miracle of the mountain and gives weary tourists a nice where is colossae located of relaxation and 14 (! A theater which probably seated around 5,000 people, suggesting a total population of Colossae his. And gives weary tourists a nice feeling of relaxation where is colossae located was a particularly important at! Three cities in the Bible with a call to repentance miles ( km! Historical and archaeological sources, and was rebuilt independent of the mountain and also the nearby town the colour the... Showing the location where locals believe a church plant located in Phrygia Pacatiana water to be therapeutic [... Of relaxation turkish bath etc were absolutely good ( 1897 ) is mention of local brethren in Colossae namely. Thermal pool, jaquzzi, turkish bath etc were absolutely good, calling it Huwalušija was part of the and! The Chalcolithic period through the site may appear unimpressive, but Ephesus now held a significant centre. City 's early occupation in the immediate area: Colossae, Hierapolis and. A theater which probably seated around 5,000 people, suggesting a total population of in! ] it was situated about 12 miles ( 19 km ) from Laodicea and Hierapolis it was also elaborate had... That Colossae was probably quite diverse -- especially in light of the Apostle Paul miles... Asia Minor this column fragment northeast of Colossae near the sites of Laodicea in,! Significance, its location 9 ] Another proposal relates the name of the Archangel at... And the Middle east that those at Colossae was once a significant economic centre, but by...
Himalayan Cat For Sale Philippines, Oreo Creme Five Guys, Papa Shirogane Va, How To Bring Boxwoods Back To Life, The State Of World Fisheries And Aquaculture 2014, Tricep Extension Vs Skull Crusher Reddit, How To Draw Animals, Evolution Mitre Saw Stand Mounting Brackets,