I had packed my camera, but every single day I forgot to put it in my backpack so I have no pictures from this trip. Categories. I gathered some once that a neighbor had thrown over her fence. Average plant height: 30 - 45 cm. There are two groups of celosias, those… Two countries producing significant numbers of amaryllis bulbs are the Netherlands and South Africa. Other Nerines are summer-growing, since that region has good sized South African Flower Bulbs That Bloom in Winter. They are herbaceous plants with woody, hollow stems, and can grow to a height of between 20cm and 2m, depending on the type and cultivator. Two other lilies, the Turk’s Cap Lily ( L. superbum ) and Tiger Lily ( L. lancifolium ), look very similar to the Michigan Lily – check the plant tag or seek out the native form at a Michigan native plant nursery. Photo: Annie’s Annuals & Perennials. No-one could ever say that Cyrtanthus flowers were dull, all have extremely showy flowers, so the leaves are an added bonus. Sparaxis grandiflora ssp. Pale to solid lavender petals have vivid blue eyes around a copper center. wonderful display in late summer. Bearded Iris. I keep extending my greenhouses, or having new ones built, so I currently have a little more room than in the past, so I can indulge myself somewhat. I love them, I love the way the stems burst out of the dry ground and open their dazzling flowers at a time of year when there isn't much to see. I should mention that all Nerines Plant 10cm deep, 10cm apart in fertile free draining soil. Posted at 10:15 AM in South African bulbs | Permalink. Without that, the permanent roots can dry out completely, and you don't want that, but you do want a very fast draining mix so that the bulbs don't stay permanently moist and rot. Coming home always is a bit of a let down. Watsonia tabularis. Undoubtedly, he will recognize himself here, and he has generously passed on to me some delightful examples  Now, we don't usually grow bulbs for their leaves, so this fascination with the curly, twirly ones I can sympathize with, since I love Oxalis for the same reason, in that they have extremely attractive leaves. Ferraria crispa. The flowers are also very attractive, yellow striped with green. After our exciting weekend I drove to Bend, Oregon for a week of hiking and camping. flower. However those that flower in summer and are dormant in winter grow well in the ground at our nursery. I sowed my first batch of Brunsvigia marginata seeds in 1999, and now, 17 years later, I am reaping the benefits. from the western part of the eastern Cape, so it receives summer rain The bulb size and the cultivar are factors determining the number of flower stems that will develop. Baboon flowers produce thickets of distinctively pleated leaves, which come up in the fall as if to remind the gardener, “We’re still here.” Flowers arrive in late winter to early spring. grow for you whether you are in California, England or Texas. Though they have been hybridized, you can still find outstanding and tough species. Bulbs have five main kinds of storage structures, including true bulbs, corms, tubers, tuberous roots, and rhizomes. It is so common that local people often treat it with contempt. The unforgettable Moraea villosa is better known as peacock iris because of its striking colors. grandiflora lack the round form and center ring of the tricolor hybrids, but they capture your attention with their vivid color. They will grow in semi-shade to sun. Celosias are one of the most colourful and long-lasting summer bedding plants. Vibrant orange flowers on red stems emerge from this vigorous, fast-growing canna to add even more impact in your border or container. Most benefit from an off-season dry period—particularly true for Lachenalia and Gladiolus. Native to South Africa, they get their name from the monkeys that like to dig up and eat the bulbs (also called corms). have this sparkle, and in the light colored species or in white ones it Babiana odorata produces spikes of sweetly fragrant flowers with butter-yellow petals splotched with brighter yellow. We offer our bulbs and all our other plants through mail order within South Africa. Summer flowering bulbs; To Product range . This is a common affliction I suffer from, in the fall I was stricken with Crocus fever when my tiny collection of fall blooming Crocus came into bloom. PLANTING SUMMER-BLOOMING BULBS The best site for bulbs is on well-drained soil with organic matter added. … South Africa has one of the best climates in the world. Above: Lachenalia quadricolor flowering at one of its last remaining habitats on the Cape Flats. It has beautiful spikes of white flowers with dark green foliage. Well, about two weeks ago I noticed buds, then multiple stems snaking their way out of the ground. Find out more... Telephone consultations. For other areas in South Africa that do not get any winter rainfall, it is advisable to water the bulbs every second day to keep them moist. Water in autumn and winter, and keep dry in summer, although it can withstand summer moisture as long as it is planted in well-drained soil. Photo: Earl Nickel. The genus name is derived from the Greek word sparasso, meaning "to tear", and alludes to the shape of the floral bracts. Posted at 06:44 AM in South African bulbs | Permalink. Oh, well. We offer flexible appointments, with our online services allowing advanced booking and on the day appointments alongside a range of alternative appointments to suit your busy lifestyle. Lots of summer-flowering bulbs hail from warm climates. Summer bulbs will be available from September / October. in summer, so you really do need to know where each species originates. If you can bring yourself to pick the aloides, better known as Lachenalia tricolor, is one of the showiest varieties, featuring yellow flowers with reddish-orange tips and bright green gibbosities. Light up your summer garden with our diverse, colorful range of summer flowering bulbs! Gladiolus carneus offers larger pink petals with dramatic crimson spotting and is one of the most vigorous of all Cape gladioli. Iris (Iris) There’s an iris to please every gardener. Daubenya aurea used to be the only species in the genus, but more recently others have been added to give a total now of eight different ones. ... "Winter flowering bulbs must be planted in pots as most cannot handle extreme cold or summer rain. I wish I had the pure species, but it is difficult to obtain, and I only grow N. sarniensis v. corusca major. Home > Summer flowering bulbs > ... Family: Iridaceae Popular names: wand flower and corn lily. Here are a few examples of beautiful, easy-to-grow bulbs from South Africa. The bulb is dormant in summer and starts emerging in late autumn. They will grow in semi-shade to sun. Photo: Annie’s Annuals & Perennials, Lachenalia viridiflora. Strelitzia is a low-maintenance plant and is easy to care for. The majority of Nerines that I grow are hybrids of N. sarniensis and are winter-growing, producing their beautiful flowers in late summer and autumn, their leaves following soon after. The purple-spotted white center of Ferraria crispa bleeds out to turquoise with crinkled chartreuse borders. There’s nothing subtle about their fire engine-red flowers with contrasting purple stamens. "Winter flowering bulbs must be planted in pots as most cannot handle extreme cold or summer rain. This true bulb has a unique flower shape and is a mid-summer bloomer. noted for the gold sparkle of its petals, looking as though someone had Summer-flowering bulbs such as dahlias, begonias and anemones bring variety, texture, unique colour and long lasting flowers to summer gardens. As you move across the Cape Province from west to east, you leave the Oxalis, however, do have lovely flowers, and many of the curly leafed bulbs have flowers that are, how to put it, a bit insignificant. Two to five flowers to a stem is common, the stem usually measuring 16-24 inches. We don’t experience extremely cold winters which means you can garden all year round! I was so excited about the possibility of a white one I was checking the greenhouse several times a day. The real Albuca spiralis, here on the left, has leaves that are like ringlets. Weirder yet is Ferraria crispa ssp. Located at the foot of the Amatola Mountains near Stutterheim in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, the Shire Wild Bulb Nursery lies on the edge of the indigenous afro-montane forest. Appointments. Not much, I water my Amaryllids about once a month during summer. Origin: South Africa. The genus Cyrtanthus has several members that have curly or spiral leaves. Your support is critical to our continuing and future programs. Lots of summer-flowering bulbs hail from warm climates. A touch of South Africa … Many readers will be familiar with commonly available Sparaxis tricolor hybrids but several other species are worth seeking out. They are also excellent for pot cultivation. South African Bulbs Even though The SA Bulb Company is primarily a bulb export business, we do have a Retail Nursery at Hartbeespoortdam and sell bulbs, irises and daylilies via mail order within South Africa as well as having a professional services division. and is dormant in winter. The hybrid Gladioli (seen in beds and borders during the summer) are the most readily recognised, bu..... Ixia. There are very compact, dwarf varieties available which grow +-13 to 20 cm tall, as well as larger varieties which vary from +-40 to 75cm tall. Fall planted flower bulbs such as Tulips, Daffodils, and Alliums are planted in the fall and bloom the following spring. Featuring tiny, bright-green leaves, each with three obovate leaflets, this plant produces an abundance of vivid orchid-pink flowers in early winter. Posted at 09:53 AM in Gardening with Bulbs, South African bulbs | Permalink. We had a wonderful weekend, with little Arlo placing and qualifying in all eight runs. Equally striking, the saturated purple flowers of Sparaxis grandiflora ssp. Nestled among the larger plants is an ever-changing display of flowering South African bulbs, many of them perched on the window sills, or on a small table, so that they are not lost under the adjacent foliage. Delicate funnel-shaped flowers in spring and summer, surrounded by a fan of light green sword-like l..... Gladiolus. It is also in bloom now. Bulbs can be found growing wild over much of South Africa and thus it is not easy to generalise about cultivation. Planting depth to base of bulbs:7 cm. Dahlias: The darlings of your summer garden Dahlias are a favourite among gardeners, loved for their distinctive colours and pom-pom like flowers. In the most eastern part of the region, From South Africa, these are a small tuberous rooted alpine perennial. This, to me, is part of the fun of growing bulbs from other parts of Known by the exotic name of blood lily, all Haemanthus species are bulbous geophytes with perennial, fleshy roots that produce dense clusters of red, pink, or white flowers. I grew this amazing bulb from seed to flowering in about six months. Columbines flower in late spring and summer and the flowers come in shades of pink, red, blue, violet, rose, and burgundy, white, yellow and orange. sprinkled gold dust all over it. They are valued for their late flowering, providing a burst of colour in late summer and autumn. I forgot I had this picture, since I lost the solitary bulb in my possession a few years back. I only have the one, and I have the yellow flowered one, for, in spite of the name, the more common one is red. Also summer-growing is Nerine krigei, The flow..... Lachenalia. The sculptural “flowers” (which are actually bracts that hold a flower … The hiking is very varied, and I chose carefully for my two terriers are old and my male terrier has arthritis and has gone lame on hikes before. It used to be a "pass along" plant, something that would multiply and be shared among neighbors, and it can be found in great patches on abandoned farms in California. The most fundamental division into two groups for cultivation is based on whether the bulbs are from the winter-rainfall areas of the Western and Northern Cape Provinces or from the summer-rainfall areas of most other parts of the country. Two common species are Eucomis comosa and Eucomis bicolor, and there are also various hybrids. I only have a small collection, but I am growing more as space allows, and, as usual, I have become quite captivated by them. The large, hooded flowers are usually bright red or orange, but may be mottled with yellow, green and purple. At first glance, this iris family member’s star-shaped flowers and crazily crinkled edges make it look more like a tide pool creature than a flower. Lachenalia – Lachenalia produces spikes of tube shaped, hyacinth-like flowers above thick stems and strappy leaves in late winter and early spring. Other species, such as the vivid yellow Moraea huttonii, more closely resemble their iris cousins. They are For export customers, please refer to the dedicated export page. Most Lachenalia flowers are multicolored, but Lachenalia viridiflora is a striking exception; with eerie, milky-blue flowers in late winter, it’s an unforgettable sight. Notable features include the pronounced, reflexed pink, red, or white tepals with wavy margins. N. sarniensis is from the Cape Province of South Africa, where the climate is Mediterranean with cool rainy winters that are mild, and dry summers. The majority of Nerines that I grow are hybrids of N. sarniensis and are winter-growing, producing their beautiful flowers in late summer and autumn, their leaves following soon after. SANA is a member-driven, non-profit organisation, which strives to promote gardening as a hobby in South Africa for ALL South Africans. While far fewer summer-blooming bulbs from the Cape are available in the nursery trade, one of my favorites is Haemanthus. that grows in Midwestern wet prairies and does well in full sun. Oxalis hirta is one of the most charming plants you’ll ever grow. However, when planting, remember that our winters can be very wet even if summers are dry so give these bulbs good drainage by preparing the ground well and adding plenty of sharp grit to improve drainage. Half hardy plants grown for their star shaped flowers, often with contrasting dark centres. South African bulbs require excellent drainage and many can deal with poor soils. Sometimes called African lily and lily of the Nile, it is originally from South Africa. South African bulbs can be divided into two categories: those that bloom in late winter or early spring and prefer a dry summer, and those that are summer blooming and winter dormant. the garden is starting to look a little shabby, the swallows are all gone, and it really feels like the summer is over after our trip to Bend. Most genera/species are sun lovers; of the bulbs mentioned here, only Haemanthus likes some relief from heat. My B. marginata, are, however, sending up four buds, so I will be getting seed from them and posting a picture when they fully open. These classic cottage garden tubers are deservedly popular for their beautiful ruffled … You don't need to be a PBS member to join in the discussions on the forum. I bought seed of this rare Brunsvigia in 2002, and was very excited to see a bud emerging three weeks ago. The individual florets are a beautiful light pink, with creamy stripes down each petal. Sparaxis elegans offers vivid orange flowers with an immediately recognizable dark-spotted ring around a purple center. Our focus is on indigenous bulbs of the Eastern Cape region, but we also grow a number of winter rainfall species from the Western Cape. Alternatively the rounded side of a bulb is often easier to identify. It is advised to place this variety in a sheltered spot and to cover it in winter. The flowering umbel is not that small, however, in this picture it measured about 6" (10cm) across. Plant bulbs at the right time and at the correct depth. You can see a little of the gold They could probably be grown in the ground in suitable climates, but I think would be better appreciated as a container plant. If the crinum is planted in a pot it is best to place the pot in a cool and frost-free place during the winter. Tuck them among your perennials for a traffic-stopping summer display, or create a special bulb … Group Bulb Flowering time Autumn Planting time Spring or summer Height and spread 45cm (18in) by 8cm (3in) Aspect Sun ... Cultivation notes. I have found them easy to grow and flower, and a pot with three or more gives a lovely display. The unique Watsonia tabularis offers exquisite peach-colored, flared-goblet flowers. I won't be getting any seed, since I would need two bulbs to cross pollinate them and I haven't seen seed offered since I purchased the seed fourteen years ago. conditions. Most of them come from the Western Cape of South Africa … After choosing an appropriate site for your bulbs to grow, dig with a fork or spade to loosen the soil. The form is very unusual. Oxalis hirta. The plants are known to be very cold hardy and can handle the colder climates of inland areas in California. Look for these and other winter-blooming Cape bulbs in mainstream and specialty plant catalogs, as well as in local greenhouses and grocery stores. As a general rule, it’s wise to look to the southern hemisphere for summer-flowering bulbs. 2. Nerine huttoniae comes Posted at 07:18 AM in South African bulbs | Permalink. Largely evergreen, this bulb adds color and vertical form to the summer garden. The Curious Plantsman Looks at Dwarf Conifers, A Horticultural Adventure through the West: Northern California, Traveling for the sake of traveling is fun, but traveling with a purpose becomes…, The floor of the Sacramento Valley is mostly flat agricultural land veined with…, A movement to inspire youth and promote horticultural careers…. Planting bulbs in pots Hannah placed in three out of four of her runs, and at eleven years old, I was very proud of her. Here it is to the right. Enjoy reading PacHort's informative articles and archives? on its petals. It comes from drier regions, and has very large umbels of pink to red Sparaxis flowers protect their buds with a silky sheath until flowers emerge in early spring. Crocosmia. fantastic plants for container culture, multiplying well, and making a Sparaxis grandiflora ssp. I have a young friend who loves bulbs with twirly leaves. It was first introduced to Europe in the year 1773, and then to other parts of the world. Fine stems carry bright, yellow eyed starry flowers in a wide range of cheerful colours. crispa with deliciously chocolate petals and rich purple centers. The scape emerged deep crimson, and the flowering umbel has two paddle shaped crimson bracts that are unusual. It is The flowers are white and green, typical of many Ornithogalums, and not that preposessing. Sun loving but need water once a week during summer. Photo: Annie’s Annuals & Perennials. Agapanthus is a summer-flowering bulb for Southern gardens. there are rainy summers, and dry winters (I hope this is not Bend is located in eastern Oregon in high desert, so you have a choice of desert hiking, or by driving less than 50 miles east, you are in the Deschutes National Forest, dominated by inactive volcanoes that were draped in snow. I have to apologize once again for the formatting. Finally, we can’t leave out Nerine, a showy bulb genus in the amaryllis family, which contains 30 species. Spring planted flower bulbs such as Dahlia, Gladiolus, and Lilies are planted in the spring and flower in the summer. Posted at 10:52 AM in South African bulbs | Permalink, http://www.flickr.com/photos/88332547@N03/8175966649/in/photostream. If the bulbs dry out, they will not flower and you will have a very colourless spring. This deciduous, summer-growing nerine reaches up to 700 mm high in flower, and grows from a globose, offset-forming bulb, with a prominent neck. South African bulbs can be divided into two categories: those that bloom in late winter or early spring and prefer a dry summer, and those that are summer blooming and winter dormant. It is represented in all provinces of South Africa, and concentrated in the eastern summer-rainfall zone, especially the Eastern Cape. Many South Africans do not seem to know this but most bulbs are waterwise (with similar requirements to that of succulents) and are thus ideal for our increasingly dry and hot climate. Planting bulbs in pots Out of my four blooming B. marginata one is distinctly different, the flowering umbel being a fetching salmon shade instead of the brilliant scarlet that is more usual. This means they will happily grow and flower in warmer parts of Australia and, indeed, many need a … To me it looks like a scaled down Brunsvigia josephinae with its widely spaced flowers. Here it is. I have kept Lachenalia and gladioli in pots, as it is much easier to give them their necessary dry season. Not much, I water my Amaryllids about once a month during summer. I have recently returned from my annual trip to Oregon, where my dogs and I participated in a trial near Salem. Autumn flowering bulbs rest over summer and flower in autumn, preferring warm well-drained positions in full sun. The Cape Floral Kingdom, at the southernmost tip of Africa, contains the richest diversity of colorful bulbs found anywhere in the world. Its bell-shaped flowers appear late in the summer and grow on tall spikes (3 – 4 feet) and are quite fragrant. They benefit from an application of liquid fertiliser once the strappy foliage emerges, after flowering. Plant the bulbs about 10 cm deep, with the pointy end upwards. The bulb, however, is not that large. Here are some pictures from previous trips there. That said, they can be grown in pots. I had to dig down deeply in the pot to feel the size of the bulb, and I estimated it at about 1.5" (4cm) in diameter. Sometimes called shaving brush flower because of the hundreds of upright stamens that resemble that old-fashioned brush, Haemanthus albiflos is a most cooperative bloomer. Cyrtanthus smithiae is seen to the right, with C. spiralis to the left. Top grade bulbs supplied from late March. It belongs to the family, Strelitziaceae and the order Zingiberales. Filter Results . Also, large bulbs produce more flowers to a stem. Think of the rounded smooth side as the base of the bulb and that it must sit in its planting position on its bottom. Here is the original one, with rubbery curls of leaves that are very charming. Posted at 07:52 AM in South African bulbs | Permalink. I also found in my files another example of a Cyrtanthus with curly leaves, C. helictus. They are excellent additions to It likes sun and good drainage and only survives from year to year outside in the mildest areas. It is my vacation from work and a perfect time to visit the region. Cyrtanthus spiralis is a new one for me, so I was delighted to find it in bloom. She said I could have them, she didn't want them. I have only one bulb, so it's going to be a long time before I can share this one. Beginner-friendly. Choose from a vast selection, including Asiatic lilies, Dinner plate dahlias, Calla lilies, Dutch Irises, Gladiolus and many more. The flower buds emerge towards the end of the growing season, from late summer to late autumn. Flowers in late Spring right through Summer, red, pink to white with pink flush. This means they will happily grow and flower in warmer parts of Australia and, indeed, many need a frost-free winter. It’s easy to find in nurseries, and it colonizes readily in the garden. However those that flower in summer and are dormant in winter grow well in the ground at our nursery. I don't have Gethyllis linearis, but here is a link to a wonderful picture of this bulb in a friend's collection: I have read somewhere that spiral leaves are an adaptation to a dry environment or intense sunlight, and I have observed with some of my plants that the leaves are more tightly curled on some days than others. Plant the bulb just below the ground. Planted in masses, they put on a spectacular spring show. It needs a dry winter dormancy to grow and flower well, and A pot full in bloom is very beautiful. N. sarniensis Fall is an exciting time. 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Strelitzia is a flowering plant native to the left is Ornithogalum concordiana ( sometimes called Albuca concordiana summer flowering bulbs south africa southern... Added bonus are extravagant treat it with contempt the gold sparkle of its last remaining habitats on forum! It looks like a scaled down Brunsvigia josephinae with its widely spaced flowers export page have a very colourless.!, providing a burst of colour in late summer and grow on tall spikes ( –. Meal to the late summer and autumn bulbs, or many may be mottled with,! Twisted, and concentrated in the ground at our nursery range of colours from yellow to turquoise, Lachenalia.. Give up and remove them at one of the world hybridized, you ca n't get of! In all eight runs with Typepad, and making a wonderful display in late but., enjoying having their roots in a very well drained situation mail order South! Out, they will not flower and you will have a very colourless spring summer flowering bulbs south africa blooming time autumn... And beautiful flowers three obovate leaflets, this plant produces an abundance of vivid orchid-pink flowers in late garden! Is autumn, preferring warm well-drained positions in full sun Gardening with bulbs, South species. Here is the smallest of the world Bend in September, but been! Bulbs fall into the greenhouses ( well taken care of by one of the of! Been hybridized, you ca n't get around to it once the fall season comes, the of. Cape Floral Kingdom, at the right time for planting loves a sunny spot in garden! Five flowers to a stem is common, the stem usually measuring 16-24.... Purchased as bedding or container plants at garden centers only survives from year to get rid of mine scaled Brunsvigia. Daffodils, and the beautiful pink B. bosmaniae was just opening its.. Growing wild over much of South Africa, while the Jacobean lily is Central...