He went on to state, "In today's world, subject to so many rapid changes and shaken by questions of deep relevance for the life of faith, in order to govern the bark of St. Peter and proclaim the gospel, both strength of mind and body are necessary, strength which in the last few months has deteriorated in me to the extent that I have had to recognize my incapacity to adequately fulfill the ministry entrusted to me... For this reason, and well aware of the seriousness of this act, with full freedom, I declare that I renounce the ministry of bishop of Rome, successor of St. In November of that same year, in an act of outreach to conservative Anglicans, Benedict approved an apostolic constitution, or special decree, that allowed Anglican clergymen and laypersons to join the Roman Catholic Church while maintaining some Anglican traditions. He turned to theological studies after the war, helping found the influential journal Communio. His choice of the name Benedict XVI recalled St. Benedict of Nursia, the patron saint of Europe and the founder of Western monasticism, as well as earlier popes of the same name, including Benedict XV (1914–22), who sought to mediate between the belligerents during World War I. Benedict XVI immediately took steps to continue John Paul’s dialogue with Judaism and Islam and with other Christian churches. Likewise, Pope Benedict XVI has been a great voice for peace in the conflicts in Iraq and throughout the Middle East. In 1953 he was awarded a doctorate in theology at the University of Munich. Pope Francis seemed taken aback by Benedict's frailty when he saw him at the Holy Door, and he asked the throngs of pilgrims in the piazza to send their prayers for his "good health." Ratzinger was sent home and then called up again before deserting in late April 1945. Angelus. His most recent book, Benedict XVI: A … According to several media reports, Benedict's decision centered on his old age, and physical and mental weakness. One of Benedict's final acts as a pope was a tweet to his Twitter following. He was captured by American soldiers and held as a prisoner of war for several months. In 1972, Ratzinger helped found the theological journal Communio, which became one of the most important journals of Catholic thought. He will continue to be known as Benedict XVI in his retirement and has been given the title of pope emeritus. https://www.biography.com/religious-figure/pope-benedict-xvi. His father was a determined anti-Nazi, Ratzinger wrote. Later that year he addressed the first Catholic-Muslim Forum, a three-day conference of Catholic theologians and Islamic scholars hosted by the Vatican to promote improved understanding between the two religions. He was married to Marie Antoinette and was executed for treason by guillotine in 1793. Dirk Benedict is an actor best known for his roles on 'The A-Team' and 'Battlestar Galactica.'. But he could not avoid the realities of the day. As prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the Vatican office responsible for preserving Catholic doctrine and evaluating according to canon law the warrant for disciplinary action against clergy, Ratzinger earned a reputation as a hard-liner. The pope bids a final farewell to a crowd outside the Vatican, leaves for papel summer residence in Castel Gandolfo. Americas. In 1969 he moved to the University of Regensburg, where he later became vice president. News about Pope Benedict XVI, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. II (2012); and Last Testament: In His Own Words (2016). Benedict stayed there while renovations were made to a convent, Mater Ecclesiae, in the southwest corner of Vatican City, which became his residence. In a pastoral letter, Benedict rebuked the bishops of the Irish church for a failure of leadership. Spare me any more reverential coverage about Pope Benedict XVI and his decision to give up his office. His papacy faced several challenges, including the effects of the scandal beginning in the late 1990s surrounding the church’s handling of sexual abuse by priests. Benedict XVI $3.99 - $15.73. The Vatican also denounced the charge that, as prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Benedict had been responsible for the Vatican's policy of covering up cases of sexual abuse, declaring that his handling of the cases showed “wisdom and firmness.”. He made his first trip to the Western Hemisphere, visiting Brazil, where he canonized Father Antonio Galvão (1739–1822), the first native-born Brazilian saint. During his long academic career, Ratzinger wrote a number of important theological works, including Introduction to Christianity (1968) and Dogma and Revelation (1973). He also overturned John Paul’s reform of the papal election process and restored the traditional practice when he declared that the election of a new pope requires a two-thirds majority of the cardinals attending the conclave. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Battles among the political parties set people against one another.". BENEDICT XVI . Americas. Pope emeritus Benedict XVI will celebrate Mass with his ailing brother on the feast of the Sacred Heart during his first full day in Germany Friday. After World War II, he committed suicide to escape capture. He said that cultural and historical change had led … Caritas in Veritate. Retired Pope Benedict XVI broke his silence to reaffirm the value of priestly celibacy, just as Pope Francis weighs whether to allow married men to be ordained. Pope Benedict XVI. Ratzinger was elevated to the papacy on April 19, 2005, upon the death of Pope John Paul II, and celebrated his Papal Inauguration Mass five days later. Pope Benedict XVI, whose given name is Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger, was born and raised in Marktl Am Inn, Bavaria, Germany. Pope Benedict XVI, who resigned as pope in 2013, made the comment in response to a question about what he had meant at his 2005 inauguration, when he urged Catholics to … , with a detailed discussion of his views pope benedict xvi Curran s father was a tweet to his.! Children on Their first Holy Communion of France ( 1774–92 ) in the,... Hungary, he became the first Pope to resign since Gregory XII in 1415 Charles Curran March 2013, Pope... 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