Key facts about juvenile incarceration. Overall, rates of juvenile incarceration have decreased over the past 10 years, reaching 152 per 100,000 youth in 2015. Since the establishment of the first juvenile court in Cook County, Illinois in 1899, states have recognized that children who commit crimes are different from adults; as a class, they are less blameworthy, and they have a greater capacity for change. The Illinois juvenile justice system was created to address the unique needs of young offenders. Each year, thousands of Massachusetts children and teenagers become involved with the juvenile justice “system,” a collection of local, county and state agencies, all of whom are responsible for deciding how to respond to children who are accused of breaking the law. The DOJ is suing other agencies in Meridian for their role in operating a “school-to-prison pipeline” and that case is proceeding.. 4. about the juvenile justice system. system.21 Juvenile Detention & Corrections On any given day, approximately 54,000 juvenile offenders are not living in their homes but are held in residential placement (e.g., juvenile detention facilities, corrections facilities, group homes or shelters).22 The upper age of eligibility is determined by the juvenile law of each state, which varies. 5 Approximately 86,900 youth under the age of 21 are detained or confined in public and private detention centers, group homes, camps, ranches, and other correctional institutions. The majority of youth processed through the juvenile court are adjudicated (i.e., declared by a judge to be) delinquent, for most offenses. An Interactive Overview of the Massachusetts Juvenile Justice System What is the Juvenile Justice System? In an investigative report, The Huffington Post exposed how youth are abused & mistreated in private prisons.. K.Y., a 15-year-old Filipino Japanese boy [in the cell, not shown] in the mental health wing of the Alternatives to Secure Detention, is under 24-hour observation and checked on … The OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book (SBB) enables users to access online information via OJJDP's Web site to learn more about juvenile crime and victimization and about youth involved in the juvenile justice system. 6 Rates of juvenile incarceration vary based on race/ethnicity, with non-Hispanic black and American Indian males being the most likely to be in residential placement. This Get the Facts provides an overview of juvenile incarceration and parole, including reception, what occurs during incarceration, and release decisions. Approximately 57 percent of adjudicated youth are placed on probation. The juvenile justice system is the structure of the criminal legal system that deals with crimes committed by minors, usually between the ages of 10 and 18 years. Statistics. In fact, the term juvenile justice is often used synonymously with the juvenile court, but it also may refer to other affiliated institutions in addition to the court, including the police, prosecuting and defense attorneys, probation, juvenile detention centers, and juvenile correctional facilities (Rosenheim, 1983). Other topics in this series include juvenile arrests, the pretrial process, sentencing, and corrections.